The pine nuts originate from the pine cones of the pine - a coniferous tree that is widespread in the Mediterranean region. Typical "pine countries" are Italy, Spain or Turkey.
Pine nuts have their price, because production is expensive. Pines are not cultivated extensively but harvested wild, they only carry the first pine cones after 20 years, which take 3 years to mature and then they have to dry the whole winter. In addition, the pines are up to thirty meters high, which makes manual harvesting difficult for the pineros (pickers). They beat the cones from the pine trees with poles to pick them up later from the ground.
The last decades have ensured that the pine tree has now also reached other countries, for example the Asian region. There it is cultivated specifically for pine nut extraction and then exported.